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Bare Root Apples
Apple trees have existed before recorded history; ancient Phoenicians harvested wild apples. The apples of North America were brought over from Europe and were initially grown for making cider. Over the centuries, varieties were crossed to create the tasty varieties we grow today. Current popular varieties have also been bred in Australia and New Zealand. There are now over two thousand named clones. Commercial growers limit their crops to a few of these varieties. The home orchardist has a much greater selection. Bay Laurel offers some of the older varieties to augment your backyard orchard. Among these are Ashmead’s Kernal, Cox’s Orange Pippin, Golden Russet, Hudson's Golden Gem, Sierra Beauty, Spitzenburg, Tydeman’s Late Orange and White Winter Permain.
Apples are now grown in every temperate region around the world. The trees are extremely adaptable and long-lived. Cold climates are generally the largest apple producers, but Anna, Dorsett Golden, Pettingill and Winter Banana thrive in climates as mild as Southern California. Fuji, Gordon, Pink Lady and White Winter Permain are other varieties that need minimal amounts of cold.
Northpole Columnar Apple
Large, red skinned McIntosh type apple is juicy, crisp and aromatic. Attractive, distinctive tree with very narrow growth habit grows to about ten feet. Trees topped for size control develop upright side limbs. Excellent for container growing. Fruit ripens in late Sept. Estimated chilling requirement 500 hrs. Pollinated by Scarlet Sentinel or other apple varieties. Available on: M7
Scarlet Sentinel Columnar Apple
Attractive, distinctive apple tree with upright, columnar growth habit that is ideal for small space or container growing. Trees topped for height control develop upright side limbs. Has dense clusters of white blossoms in spring. Very large and attractive greenish yellow and red fruit is crisp and sweet with pure white flesh. Ripens in early October. Very productive and disease resistant. From British Columbia; hardy to approx. zone 4. Estimated chilling requirement 550 hrs. Pollenized by Northpole or other apple varieties. Available on: M 7
Arkansas Black Spur Apple - Semi-dwarf
Large, late season apple with dark red skin. High quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Ripens in Oct./Nov.; keeps many months. 500 hours or less. Partly self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Braeburn Apple - Semi-dwarf
Superb new late season apple variety from New Zealand. Green with dark red blush; very crisp and tangy, excellent keeper. Ripens Oct.-Nov. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Burgundy Apple - Standard
Medium-large. Glossy and dark red like a Bing cherry. Flesh is cream colored, firm, crisp and juicy. An excellent dessert apple. Ripens in early August in coastal central California. Pollinate with Gala, Red Delicious or McIntosh. 500 hours. Available on Apple.
Dorsett Golden Apple - Semi-dwarf
Outstanding, medium to large, firm, very flavorful sweet apple for warm winter areas. Productive throughout so. Calif. and Phoenix, Arizona; also recommended as good early season apple for central Calif. Ripens in late June/July. Good pollenizer for Anna. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Dorsett Golden Miniature Apple
Outstanding, medium to large, firm, very flavorful sweet apple for warm winter areas. Productive throughout so. Calif. and Phoenix, Arizona; also recommended as good early season apple for central Calif. Ripens in late June/July. Good pollenizer for Anna. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Available on M27.
Empire Apple - Semi-dwarf
A cross of McIntosh and Red Delicious; excellent choice for hot summer climates. McIntosh-type fruit is sweet and juicy with a sprightly flavor. Heavy bearing tree with early fall harvest, ripens about 2 weeks after McIntosh. Pollenizer for Mutsu, Gravenstein, Winesap, Jonagold. 500 hours or less. Pollenizer required. Available on M111.
Fuji Apple - Standard
Recent introduction from Japan; now California's favorite apple. Sweet, crisp, very flavorful. Dull reddish-orange skin, sometimes russetted. Ripens in mid to late September; excellent keeper. Excellent pollenizer for other apples. 400 hrs. Self-fruitful. On Apple rootstock.
Fuji Apple - Semi-dwarf
Recent introduction from Japan; now California's favorite apple. Sweet, crisp, very flavorful. Dull reddish-orange skin, sometimes russetted. Ripens in mid to late September; excellent keeper. Excellent pollenizer for other apples. 400 hrs. Self-fruitful. On M111 rootstock.
Gala Apple - Semi-dwarf
(Original Gala)Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand Skin is reddish-orange, striped over yellow. Crisp, dense, aromatic flesh with nice blend of sweetness and tartness; rich flavor. Good pollenizer for other apples. Ripens in August, 2-3 weeks before Red Delicious. Adapted to cold and warm winter climates. Chilling requirement apparently 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Golden Delicious Apple - Semi-dwarf
Crisp, sweet, top quality apple. Longtime favorite, reliable producer. Does well in many climates. Reported resistant to fireblight. Ripens in September. Pollenizer for Red Delicious, Winesap, Jonathan. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Granny Smith Apple - Semi-dwarf
From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose, very popular apple. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer; thrives in hot climates. Prolonged bloom; good pollenizer for other apples. Ripens in Oct./Nov. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Gravenstein Apple - Semi-dwarf
Famous apple for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful, tart. Fruit is large, round to slightly flattened, with greenish yellow, thin skin with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest; ripens late July/early August. Pollenizer required--Empire, Fuji, Gala and Red Delicious are best. 500 hours or less. Available on M111.
Hudson's Golden Gem Apple - Semi-dwarf
One of the largest and best-flavored russet apples. Crisp, sugary, juicy flesh with flavor described as nutty by some and pear-like by others. Conical in shape with a very distinctive appearance: a smooth uniform grayish-gold or light yellowish-brown russet over the entire surface. In most climates where it is grown, the fruit hangs on the tree into winter. Good keeper. Resistant to scab, mildew and fireblight. Fruit tends to crack the first two or three years only. Chance seedling discovered in a fence row at Tangent, Oregon. Introduced in 1931. Estimated chilling hours 500 or less. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crop with cross-pollination. Available on M111.
Liberty Apple - Semi-dwarf
Outstanding, cold hardy, disease resistant apple; resists scab, rust, mildew, fireblight. Has crisp, rich, sprightly flavor. Skin solid red even in hot climates. Use fresh or cooked. Ripens in Sept. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful; interfruitful with Red Delicious, Empire, McIntosh. Available on M111.
Mutsu (Crispin) Apple - Semi-dwarf
A favorite of connoisseurs and an apple sauce award winner. Crisp, flavorful, very large apple. Pick when green or wait until partly yellow. Good quality fruit even in hot areas. Large, vigorous tree resists powdery mildew. Ripens in Sept./Oct. 500 hours or less. Pollenized by Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala. Available on M111.
Pettingill Apple - Semi-dwarf
Chance apple seedling discovered near Long Beach, Calif., introduced in 1949. Large fruit with red over green skin. Flesh is crisp and juicy with a balance of sugar and acid. Large, vigorous, productive tree. Good keeper. Ripens late September to mid October in coastal southern California climates. Very low winter chilling requirement, about 100 hrs. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Pink Lady Apple - Semi-dwarf
New hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp with sweet-tart distinct flavor; good keeper. Skin is reddish pink over green; white flesh is fine grained and resists browning. Ripens in late Oct./early Nov., about 3 weeks after Fuji. 4-500 hrs. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 7880. Available on M111.
Red Delicious (Bisbee Spur) Apple - Semi-dwarf
Sweet, crisp, flavorful apple - perhaps the best Red Delicious. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. Ripens in late August/early September. 500 hours or less. Pollenized by Liberty, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala or Golden Delicious. Available on M111.
Red Fuji (BC #2) Apple - Semi-dwarf
Redder skinned sport of Fuji. Medium sized with yellow-green base and an attractive red blush. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful apple; excellent keeper. Ripens in September/October with Fuji. 500 hrs. Self-fruitful. Excellent pollenizer for other apples. Available on M111.
Sierra Beauty Apple - Semi-dwarf
Favorite late apple in Northern California. Large yellow fruit with red blush, rich, sprightly flavor, moderately sweet. Excellent fresh or cooked. Good keeper. Ripens early October. Pollenizer required. 500 hours or less. Available on M111.
Sundowner Apple - Semi-dwarf
New sibling apple of Pink Lady from the same fruit breeder in Western Australia. Crisp, sweet white flesh and red skin with green undertones. Grows well in more extreme fruit growing regions such as southern districts and deserts. Low chill requirement, but high chill adaptability. Ripens in Nov. Self-fruitful. 200-300 hours. Available on M7.
Tydeman's Late Orange Apple - Semi-dwarf
Richly flavored connoisseurs' favorite. More productive and easier to grow than Cox's Orange Pippin with much lower incidence of cracking and consistently better flavor and quality in hot summer climates. Reddish orange stripes over greenish yellow base, with some russeting. Yellowish flesh is firm and juicy. Ripens in late September/October in Central California, about with Fuji. Good keeper. Small but vigorous tree with long, weeping branches. Early, heavy thinning required to prevent alternate bearing. Resistant to mildew and scab. Estimated chilling of 500 hours or less. Pollenizer required, a mid to late blooming variety such as Gala, Fuji, Golden Delicious or Granny Smith. Available on M111.
Yellow Newton Pippin Apple - Semi-dwarf
Yellow-green, late, firm, crisp, slightly tart, superb flavor. Good keeper. Famous apple for cooking, excellent fresh or dried. Vigorous tree. Harvest when cheeks are yellowish-green, late Oct./early Nov. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Transcendent Crabapple - Standard
An excellent, heavy bearing crabapple for preserves and jellies. Large fruit is up to 2" wide, yellow with pink or red blush, to almost entirely red. Creamy yellow flesh is crisp, juicy and tart. Medium sized tree produces consistent crops in most areas except the high desert and coastal areas of southern California. Ripens August to September. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on Apple.
3-N-1 Apple - Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith
Three of these four varieties grafted onto one tree. Available on M111.
4-N-1 Low Chill Apple
Anna, Fuji, Dorsett Golden and Gordon (all of these varieties) grafted onto one tree. Available on M111.
4-N-1 Apple - Fuji, Gala, Mutsu, Jonagold
All four varieties grafted onto one tree. Available on M111.